Yogesh Chavan

Yogesh Chavan

How to Merge Deeply Nested Objects in JavaScript

How to Merge Deeply Nested Objects in JavaScript

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When working in JavaScript sometimes we get a requirement where we need to merge two objects that may be deeply nested.

In this article, we will see how to handle that correctly.

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Let's get started

Let's say, we have a user object like this:

And we want to update this object with the new values. For example, when updating their user profile, the user enters new values, so we need to merge the previous object with the new updated object.

If the user updates only some values, we will have an object like this:

As you can see, the user object has a location property with the city and country properties inside it. But in the updates object, we don’t have the country property, so how can we merge these objects?

Let’s try using some known ways.

Using Object.assign

As you can see, the location property from the update object has completely replaced the previous location object, so the country property is lost.

This is because Object.assign does a shallow merge and not a deep merge. A shallow merge means it will merge properties only at the first level and not the nested level.

Here's a CodePen Demo.

Using Spread Operator

As you can see, this also produces the same result because Object.assign and the spread operator just shallow-merge the objects.

So to fix this and correctly merge two deeply nested objects, we can use the merge method provided by a very popular lodash library.

Here's a CodePen Demo.

Using Lodash merge

Now, it works as expected and the country property is not lost in the merge.

Here's a CodePen Demo.

Lodash is the best utility library that has lots of functions for real-life applications. To explore other useful lodash methods, check out my this article.

Thanks for reading!

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